Vitamin and Deficiency Disease

General Knowledge General Science

Deficiency Diseases Definition:

“Deficiency diseases are diseases that are caused by the lack of certain essential nutrients, especially vitamins and minerals, in one’s diet over a prolonged period of time.”

What are Deficiency Diseases?

A balanced diet is extremely important for the good health of a person. Any imbalance in the diet might lead to excess or insufficient intake of certain nutrients. Insufficient intake of a particular nutrient can lead to a deficiency disease.

Let us have a detailed look at different types of deficiency diseases and the methods of prevention of deficiency diseases.

List of Deficiency Diseases:

Following is a list of major deficiency diseases that occur due to lack of essential minerals and vitamins:

Types of VitaminsDeficiency Diseases
A (Retinol)Night blindness
B1 (Thiamine)Beri-beri
B2 (Riboflavin)Retarded growth, bad skin
B12 (Cyanocobalamin)Anaemia
C (Ascorbic acid)Scurvy
D (Calciferol)Rickets
K (Phylloquinone)Excessive bleeding due to injury
Types of MineralsDeficiency Diseases
CalciumBrittle bones, excessive bleeding
PhosphorusBad teeth and bones
IodineGoitre, enlarged thyroid gland
CopperLow appetite, retarded growth

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